Fluoridation teeth at home and professional: reviews and features
Strengthen teeth fluoride treatment: the nuances
The development of bacteria and selection in the course of their life acids is the cause of tooth decay. In the predisposition of tooth enamel to destruction it is necessary to further strengthen.
To reduce tooth sensitivity and caries prevention is assigned the procedure of fluorination.
What is fluoridation — what are the peculiarities of the procedure?
The complex of measures for the treatment of destruction of the enamel, including the saturation of the fluorine ions is called fluoridation. With insufficient ingestion of elements such as fluoride and calcium begins the demineralization of teeth and loss of firmness of the tissues.
They become loose and lose the fortress, and these are ideal conditions for the occurrence of caries.
Fluoridation of the teeth modern painless method that is often prescribed for children and adults. To apply a special solution on the tooth surface are formed microglobulin of calcium fluoride, which are restock of fluoride.
The main function of this kind of forprotecting – everyday protection from the acidic environment, which is produced by bacteria.
The indications for the procedure:
- finesse enamel;
- prevention in the development of caries at the stage of white spot;
- hyperesthesia (hypersensitivity);
- harmful effects of chemical bleaching;
- treatment of marginal periodontitis.
It is important to know: before and after manipulations need to use toothpaste without fluoride– its excess is unsafe to the body.
Contraindications to the procedure:
- individual intolerance or Allergy to components of fluoride varnish;
- epidemic fluorosis, caused by prolonged consumption of water or food with a high content of fluorine.
The mechanism of local forprotecting
The composition of the teeth of all living beings consists of three types of Apatite:
- carboxyamide – easily worn down and erased (in rodents);
- hydroxyapatite – average permeability (in humans);
- fluorapatite is the most strong (sharks).
The procedure provides interaction of fluoride with hydroxyapatite and education ftorapatita. Stable compound reduces the permeability of enamel and increases its resistance.
To improve the acid resistance, sufficient partial conversion of hydroxyapatite to gidroksipropil.
Fluoride inhibits the enzymes that breaks down carbohydrates and inhibits the growth of microflora in the mouth. Besides in childhood when the formation of teeth fluoride is involved in the metabolism of protein of the enamel. Resistance to decay is improved.
Conditions for successful fluorination
You must follow these rules:
- exogenous (external) contact with the surface of the teeth;
- exposure time;
- the exception from swallowing or penetration of the drug into the body through the mucosa;
- the increase in the intensity of diffusion of the drug components in the tooth structure.
Features of the procedure in children
Children’s milk teeth are often subjected to destruction because of the passion to the sweet. Hygiene of the mouth and the right diet is not always enough.
If fluoridation of milk teeth of children in a small age 1-3 years gel is applied separately to each tooth. The elder conducting the procedure as well as adults around the mouth, it is absolutely harmless to the body.
Since children do not like frequent visits to the dentist – it’s easier to make deep fluoridation. This method will allow you to remineralizing fabric for the 1st time. The frequency of forproperty for adults and children – 1 time in six months.
Before installing braces children also recommended to protect the enamel fluorine-containing material.
Applies deep and regular fluoridation of the teeth. When seeing the patient, the doctor evaluates the complexity of the condition of the enamel and determines the desired method.
The use of conventional techniques
Simple fluoridation involves regular maintenance of fluoride and replenishment of its reserves in the form of microcrystals. Individually prepared mould-spoon, which is filled with a material with a high fluorine content.
Capa gel is superimposed on the teeth and kept for 10-20 min. a Prophylactic course lasts 10-15 treatments. The first treatment conducted by the dentist, further manipulations can be performed independently at home.
With this method it is possible to use the same mold for repetition of the Express-method after the break.
There is another variant of the common fluorination of the coating surface fluoride varnish. The drug comprises a composition of resins, pine balm, and sodium fluoride. Varnish is applied with a brush to all teeth, then dried by air flow. The course lasts 4 times per month.
On the teeth forms a thin, not light refracting film, which is imperceptible to others.
All at once
Deep fluoridation was invented by the German Professor Knappwost. Option is more reliable and efficient than a simple fluorination.
The method gives depth migration of fluorine ions into the crystal lattice of the tooth. There they are converted into molecular state and are deposited under the form of integrated conglomerates.
Experts say that the calcium fluoride included in the hard tissue, is a potential protective barrier against tooth decay.
Such impregnation increases the fortress teeth 10 times, due to the higher ion concentration. Unlike usual, this method is fast and disposable. Dentists recommend repeating the procedure once a year.
How to conduct deep fluoridation
Before the process of deep forprotecting there is a need of cleaning the teeth from plaque and calculus that can delay the penetration of fluorine. The interdental space is also thoroughly cleaned.
The procedure includes several stages:
- drying of the teeth;
- the enamel–sealing means (hold 2 min);
- drying air;
- dushirovanie solution of copper hydroxide and calcium;
- rinsing the mouth.
A chemical reaction takes place and a high concentration of ions in the solution triggers the precipitation of hydroxyapatite precipitate. Starts the growth of microcrystals of fluoride, which fill in the micro cracks of the enamel. In the depths of the pores of the crystals are held from 6 months. up to 2 years and continue to provide fluoride ions.
Fluorapatite is formed, ensuring the optimum restoration of the structure of the enamel. In parallel, the copper has a permanent bactericidal effect that enhances the anti-caries protection.
A lot of pluses, one minus — the price
Successful fluoridation gives a person such bonuses:
- the initial lesions of caries fully remineralized;
- this can not only enamel but also dentin;
- clinical effectiveness provides a prolonged effect;
- fluoridation of carious deepening to sealing reduces the frequency of secondary caries.
The disadvantages of fluoridation include only the cost of the procedure. But the cost forprotection much lower than the cost of dental treatment.
Hazard a few words
Fluorine ions (fluoride) contained in the earth’s crust, they can get into the groundwater. Depending on the region of residence of the person receives fluoride in main drinking water.
Excess fluoride causes intoxication of the organism. Fluorosis can cause serious teeth problems. But the procedure of fluoridation are absolutely harmless and cannot cause fluorosis.
Chemicals fluorinated material benefit returning to the enamel the property of hardness. Doctors recommend fluoridation as a child and then the problems tooth decay can be avoided. The strengthening of the dental tissues can be carried out during pregnancy.
Saturable teeth naturally at home
Toothpastes with fluoride are also able to locally saturate the enamel fluoride ions, but to a much lesser extent.
The use of such pastes has the ability to combat deposits of stones and plaque.
Optimal amount of fluoride in everyday pasta should be 1300-1500 ppm. This means that the concentration of active ions is 0.13% to 0.15%. The fluorine content indicated in the packaging.After applying and smearing the paste should hold it in your mouth for 1 minute, then spit and rinse your mouth a bit. Then the fluorine is concentrated in the saliva and mouth and saliva enzymes release fluoride in an hour.
After using fluoride toothpaste, preferably an hour to eat.
Another method that you can use at home, is the use of a mouth guard with fluoride gel. Tenfold the daily procedure takes only 15 minutes of time, and the effect helps to eliminate the possibility of tooth decay for at least a year.
Tonirovanie teeth at home by using fluoride-varnish:
What people say
Fluoridation of the teeth is gaining popularity, which is confirmed by numerous reviews.
After much fluoridation decreased tooth sensitivity. Reaction to winter cold was completely gone, I don’t get the soreness on the apples.
Made the procedure of remineralization by fluoride treatment does produce positive results. Before my child has cavities formed in Mizuno space, now filling not remember for several years.
How much will it cost?
The cost depends on the technology used and the desired effect:
- For the application fluoride varnish in different clinics will have to spend from 50 to 400 p./tooth.
- Deep fluoridation is the most expensive, but a single treatment gives long-lasting effect. The technology’s cost is from 120 to 600 p. But do not forget that prevention costs much less than cure.
The efficiency varies depending on the technique, the carrier of fluorine, its clearance, the concentration of active ions, the duration and frequency of use. Dental care and preventive measures to prevent caries is an integral part of the life of a successful person.