Sugar in urine during pregnancy: the rate and causes of gestational diabetes
Pregnancy is a very important period in every woman’s life. So during this time, you need to very carefully monitor the condition of his body, as the expectant mother is responsible for her child. Also important is the analysis of urine for sugar content. The rule of this indicator and the deviations will go into it in this article.
Before you pass a urinalysis, you need to prepare, the results were more reliable. The day before delivery a woman should not eat sweets, alcohol, and also should abandon physical activity and do not expose yourself to stress.
In the morning you need a good wash, and then dial in a special container with 50 ml of urine. Storing it is impossible, should be immediately attributed to the lab.
If the urine glucose is found or its traces, doctors will prescribe additional tests, including a blood test for hormones of the pancreas to determine insulin and blood glycated hemoglobin. This indicator is able to detect changes in the blood sugar over the past three months. This allows you to get a more complete picture and to diagnose diabetes in the early stages.
All the sugar that enters the human body, causes immediate response from the endocrine system, causing the pancreas secretes insulin, which is able to break down glucose.
After that, the level of glucose in the blood is reduced, the remaining sugar is excreted by the kidneys of primary urine, and from there enters the bloodstream, while the secondary urine sugar should contain.
During pregnancy the entire body is rebuilt, so the load becomes higher. Kidneys can not cope with the load, besides the pancreas launches a special mechanism for controlling the flow of sugar in the child’s body. As a result, in the urine may increase the sugar content. Normal levels are below 1.7 mmol/liter of fears do not cause. When the sugar exceeds the level that a consult a doctor to determine the cause improve.
Causes of deviations from the norm sugar
As already mentioned, during gestation, the body is working for two, so not every woman is able to cope with the load.
The main reasons for the increase of sugar the following:
- First, the expectant mother should follow their diet and way of life, as eating large amounts of sugar in any form can provoke its increase.
- Second, elevated levels may indicate kidney disease. They can not cope with the removal of glucose from the body, the result of which can cause serious problems.
- Thirdly, you should pay attention to the endocrine system. If the pancreas is not working properly, insulin can not be produced in normal amounts, in order to process all the incoming sugar. Subsequently, he gets into the urine.
- Another problem with diabetes during pregnancy. Even if a woman has never suffered the disease, its occurrence is possible. At the same time after birth in 98% of cases, the diabetes goes by itself.
In any case, be sure to monitor this metric to avoid problems in the carrying a child and reduce the risk of diseases of the fetus.
Possible symptoms and consequences
Almost all the abnormalities in our body have their own symptoms, so you can self-diagnose some problems to consult a doctor.
With increased sugar in the urine can occur following symptoms:
- Constant fatigue and sleepiness
- Excessive thirst, feeling of dryness in the mouth
- Weight fluctuations
- Uncontrolled appetite
- Frequent urination
If you experience these symptoms, be sure to get tested for blood sugar and glycated hemoglobin. This analysis allows us to see the picture of changes in blood composition over the 3 months that helps in the diagnosis of diabetes. As we have seen, a small content of glucose in the urine is not dangerous. But what if sugar is found again and again during the next analysis?
Gestational diabetes is diabetes that is found only in pregnant women, can seriously affect women’s health, and the health of the future baby.
A pregnant woman possible complications in the kidneys and hormonal system that prevent normal bear fruit, and may continue after childbirth. Additionally, you may as preeclampsia. In this case, increased swelling and increased blood pressure, which is also undesirable.
If you do not monitor the condition of sugar, the child can develop the disease. Usually such babies are born very large, but there is mental retardation. In addition, the child may be disorders in the respiratory system, neurological disorders and jaundice. To avoid this, it is important to get tested and always be seen by a doctor during pregnancy.
Treatment and prevention
First, it is important for a complete examination. Usually the doctor prescribes a special diet, important is diet, the expectant mother should not overeat. You need to adhere to healthy nutrition, fasting too, is that the fruit has received all the necessary substances.
A woman should have to control their weight. There are no more than 1 kg per week so as not to create too much stress on the body. It is best to limit in your diet flour products and sweets, and also fruit juices. You should lean on protein foods, vegetables, grains and legumes. Sugar needs to be back in the normal range, however, his level should not go beyond before and after meals.
That is why the main remedy is proper nutrition.
In addition, you cannot abandon physical activity. They will help to control weight, and increase the flow of oxygen to the fetus and to the organs of the expectant mother. During exercise sugar burns faster, so in the blood and urine will not be surplus and, therefore, unpleasant consequences too.
More information about diabetes during pregnancy you can see from the video.
If you do not follow the diet and ignore the symptoms, gestational diabetes can become a chronic, and deal with it have been constantly. Women are most likely to quickly normalize the level of sugar in the urine, if time go to the doctor and adjust your lifestyle.
The first call to the antenatal clinic, no matter at what period of pregnancy the woman assigned to blood and urine. In this case the urine should be taken every 4 weeks in the first trimester, respectively, then every 3 and 2 weeks for the second and third trimester. In the second and third trimester sugar in the urine is common, but it is important to control its content. The allowable amount of 0.02%, if this figure is higher – should seriously think about your health condition.
Important tips for pregnant women
During pregnancy it is important to consult a doctor to rule out complications and to maintain normal pregnancy. To apply to the antenatal clinic should be immediately after you understand what you’re expecting.
A diet that is not eat whatever you want (even if I would like very much). Any excess will go to those extra pounds is normal weight gain up to 1 kg per week. Large increases will create a greater load on the body, can occur edema, fluctuations in blood pressure, and after childbirth will be difficult to get in shape.
Improper diet causes the development of gestational diabetes. By itself it is not so dangerous as is common among many pregnant women, but if you don’t control the process, diabetes may remain after birth, which is already facing serious consequences.
It is very important to take the time to analysis and consult with your doctor.
Moderate exercise will have a undeniable help. You can attend special classes for pregnant women, especially in the fresh air. Simple exercises will cause the active oxygen to circulate in the body, saturating the cells not only mother but also the child. Due to this glucose will be burned by itself. Also a plus is the fact that physical exercise will help to keep weight within normal limits, providing a healthy boost.
Follow all the expert advice, time to take tests, use of recommended medications and vitamins for the normal development of the fetus. Remember that you are responsible not only for themselves but also for the little man inside you. Only care and attention will help him be born healthy and mom is well to postpone childbirth.