Why is increased glucose in the urine during pregnancy and whether it is dangerous to the fetus?
Pregnancy requires constant monitoring and medical supervision. Therefore, women often have to pass various tests when carrying a child. One of the important diagnostic methods is urine.
In some cases, the urine may show sugar. What are the main reasons for this phenomenon? Does such a state of danger for fetus and mother? How to normalize sugar in the body? To these and other questions can be answered in this article.
Glucose or sugar is a substance that provides the body with energy. In healthy people in the urine, it is not. Pregnant women have sugar in urine test in the late second – early third trimester, and during 24-28 weeks.
The woman given direction on examination of urine (General analysis). Thus, in addition to the main indicators, look at the sugar levels.
For more accurate and reliable results, you should know how to prepare a urine sample:
- To pass the biological material on an empty stomach.
- Capacity to pass urine need to get sterilized, because if this rule is violated, the results may be distorted. Best suited for this purpose three-liter jar, as would be required daily dose of urine.
- Preferably the urine for the analysis to collect, since six o’clock in the morning until the same time next day.
- The first portion of urine for the study passed.
- The results were reliable, it is important to collect urine to do after cleaning. This is to prevent contact with the urine of proteins and microorganisms.
- Biological material must be stored at a temperature of not more than eighteen degrees during the day.
- The next day is cast into a container approximately 200 ml of urine and carry it to the lab.
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After research in the laboratory results correlate with the standard values. With a slight rise in glucose after some time, re-assign the analysis. If detected in the urine of large amounts of sugar, then do the test for tolerance to this substance.
Normal value of glucose level in urine is the indicator of not more than 1.7 millimoles per liter. In the case, when the rate increased to 2.7, talking about «traces» of sugar in the urine. This value is valid.
A deviation from the norm is considered to be a level higher than the 2.7 mmol per liter. This value indicates disorders in the body of a pregnant woman and can be associated with various diseases. This is a critical indicator of the concentration of glucose in the urine.
Causes of deviations from the norm
The increased rate of glucose in pregnant women in the urine is called glucosuria. This phenomenon can occur due to hormonal changes during pregnancy and an increased blood flow to the kidneys as the result of stress on the body and stimulating the synthesis of insulin. These factors are not pathological, but in these cases requires medical supervision.
Increase glucose in the urine may, in the presence of the following female diseases:
- Immune diseases
- Acute pancreatitis
- Renal failure
- Liver disease
A deviation from the norm provokes the use of sweet food in large quantities. Stressful situations also affect the increase of sugar in the urine. In some cases, affect a high level of substances and genetic predisposition.
Excessive weight women and poor diet are factors that contribute to the improved glucose.
Pathological is an increase in urine glucose, when this phenomenon is accompanied by such symptoms as constant dry mouth, fatigue, frequent urination.
In medicine there is such a thing as gestational diabetes, which is a temporary condition. In this case, the concentration of glucose in the body rises, in order to properly provide the energy and the pregnant woman and the fetus.
Dangerous to the fetus elevated glucose level?
A small amount of glucose in the urine does not affect the development of the fetus. Also, do not fear when the substance is observed for a short time, that is once.
For the health of the unborn baby elevated sugar in urine pregnant is dangerous when a woman is diagnosed with a disease such as diabetes. Glucose triggers high blood pressure and the appearance of puffiness. In such cases, the risk of developing preeclampsia. This condition becomes a threat to the life and health of the fetus, and pregnant.
If the urine revealed a large amount of glucose, it promotes weight gain of the baby.
The result of a pathological condition increases the risk of premature birth. In addition, possible complications during labor.
Normalization of a level indicator
At a high level of glucose in the urine of the pregnant woman is necessary for the normalization condition to eliminate the use of products containing easily digestible carbohydrates. It is therefore important to limit intake of fried and fatty foods. It is also important to give up sugar, confectionery and bakery products.
In case of too high sugar in urine are recommended to prevent overeating. It is advisable to eat small portions, it is better to increase the number of meals. It is recommended to follow the correct routine. In addition, you should establish the drinking regime of the expectant mother.
If a pregnant will adhere to these instructions of the expert, the use of drugs that can adversely affect fetal development, will be required. Usually when complying with these measures the sugar in the urine and blood to normal quickly.