Why urine blood: men, women and during pregnancy
The presence of blood in urine in medical practice is called hematuria. The color of urine may change if the bladder got red blood cells. Urine with blood clots indicates the occurrence of serious diseases of the genitourinary system.
Appear in the urine blood clots when injected into the urinary system of erythrocytes. Depending on the amount of blood contained in the urine, isolated microhematuria and gross hematuria.
When microscopic hematuria to determine the blood on the basis of appearance is impossible because of its minor content in the urine. The diagnosis is set only after laboratory examination of the urine. If the blood in the urine or with urination can be determined visually, it is customary to speak of gross hematuria.
Urine with blood may be the cause of various diseases of the organs of the excretory and reproductive systems.
Blood in the urine can indicate following diseases and pathological conditions:
- Tuberculosis of the kidney
- Inflammation of the kidneys
- Traumatic damage to the kidneys
- Kidney stones
- The tumor
Urine with blood may indicate the development of some sexually transmitted diseases. In traumatic lesions of organs of genitourinary system injury can be obtained when wound, cut or injury. Congenital anomalies of the kidney (cistos, polycystic disease), in rare cases, can cause the appearance in the urine blood impurities.
Urine with blood may indicate renal vein thrombosis, papillary necrosis in diabetes.
In the use of drugs that reduce blood clotting and some blood diseases (hemophilia or leukemia) potential causes of hematuria.
Common reason due to which blood appears in the urine in men – great exercise. They lead to a strong increase in blood pressure.
At high loads there is an increase in blood circulation in the kidneys and as a consequence appears hematuria.
Blood during urination in men may indicate the presence of diseases such as:
- Prostatic hyperplasia
- Ulcer of the bladder
- The presence of stones
- Bladder cancer
- Prostate cancer
Hyperplasia in the prostate is formed of glandular nodule that with the proliferation of provokes a squeezing of the urethra, causing urination impaired, and then attaches hematuria.
The typical symptoms of prostate hyperplasia: involuntary release of small amounts of urine, turbid urine mixed with blood.
A very serious pathological condition for men is prostate cancer:
- The tumor, reaching medium size, leads to damage and destruction of the walls of blood vessels.
- The patient feels pain and difficulty in urination and also pain in the perineum, frequent urge to go to toilet, incomplete emptying of the bladder.
These symptoms may indicate other diseases of the genitourinary system. The stones begin to form when the deposition of salts in the kidneys. Eventually they reach a large size, and the patient complains of pain. To provoke the growth of gems and some bacteria. If you have kidney stones, they usually reveal microhematuria. Kidney stones may be asymptomatic, and then the symptoms gradually increase. The patient complains of pain in majevica and the urethra, we may never fully emptying the bladder, etc.
If found the blood clots, you should always consult a urologist. According to the results of laboratory analyses are assigned the appropriate treatment, which is aimed at addressing the causes of hematuria. Mild forms of diseases of the urinary tract can be cured with medication, advanced cases are treated surgically.
Pink or brown urine in women can indicate not only on urological pathology, but also some gynecological diseases, diseases of the blood.
Urine with blood in women can indicate following diseases:
- Urinary infection
- Endometriosis of the urinary system
- The presence of kidney stones
- Tumors and polyps
Small amount of blood in the urine can appear with the use of oral contraceptives. The content in these hormones leads to stagnation processes in the urinary organs and the development of inflammation. Pain in urologic abnormalities are localized in different parts of the genitourinary system that allows you to define a disease according to the location of the inflammatory process.
For cystitis characterized by the following signs:
- Frequent urination
- Temperature rise
- Pain during sexual intercourse
If urethritis pain occur during the process of urination, in contrast to cystitis, when the pain is felt only after the end of urination.
More about causes of blood in the urine you can see from the video.
With endometriosis, in addition to all of the above symptoms, there is pain and heaviness in the abdomen. Also observed redness of the genitals, burning and itching, discharge of a purulent character from the urethra.
Symptoms of kidney disease: blood in the urine, high blood pressure and body temperature, vomiting, lower back pain, frequent and painful urination.
If the urine has a red or brown color and it contains blood clots, it indicates renal bleeding. Severe pain when urinating with blood signals the presence of stones or tumors. If blood appears out of the process of urination, it happened when the wounded walls of the urethra. On the development of the inflammatory process reflected in the frequent urge to urinate, pain and burning in the process of emptying the bladder, blood clots in the urine.
If the urine mixed with blood indicates the development of cystitis, the treatment is based on the use of antibacterial drugs, as well as rejuvenating and immune-boosting drugs. It is forbidden to take drugs without consulting a doctor.
If pregnant urination detect the blood, it is a very serious symptom that indicates the development of the pathological process in the urogenital system. Sometimes the inflammatory process may be asymptomatic. Only the results of laboratory tests to determine the inflammatory process.
Diseases of the genitourinary system, a pregnant woman may feel pain in the abdomen and burning sensation during urination. Also, there is a slight increase in body temperature, loss of appetite, nausea, weight loss.
Urine blood in pregnant women it can appear at any stage of pregnancy.
Causes of hematuria during pregnancy:
- Hormonal changes
- The pressure of the fetus on the urinary tract
- The use of some products
- Receiving the specific medication
- Diseases of the genitourinary system
Hematuria pregnant women with no serious diseases called idiopathic. This pathology takes place shortly after birth.
If blood clots in the urine appears repeatedly, it is a major cause of diseases of the urinary tract or kidneys. In this case, this pathology requires immediate treatment. During pregnancy to use many drugs can’t.
The treatment is established on the basis of gestational age, diagnosis and individual characteristics of the organism.
Before pregnancy should be examined to rule out possible dangerous causes of hematuria. If there are serious diseases of the genitourinary system, then it is better to cure before pregnancy.